What is Dementia
The brain is responsible for regulating our bodies’ daily functions such as memory, touch, hunger, and breathing. Dementia is a disorder of the brain that causes an individual to experience declining cognitive ability. These changes trigger a decline in thinking skills, also known as cognitive abilities, They also affect behavior, feelings and relationships.
Types of Dementia Include:
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. It is a top ten leading cause of death in the United States. The disease is progressive, generally beginning with memory loss and eventually causing an individual to struggle with responding to social experiences, physical ability, and environmental response.
Vascular Dementia is the second most common form of dementia. It is caused by a chronic reduction of blood-flow to the brain. Vascular dementia symptoms are different in each patient depending on the where the blood-vessel damage has occurred.
Lewy Body Dementia
Lewy Body Dementia, or LBD, is caused by abnormal deposits of the protein, alpha-synuclein, in the brain. The symptoms of this disease begin with difficulties in thinking ability and progress to difficulties controlling movement, sleep disorders, and hallucinations.
Parkinson’s Disease is caused by the impairment of nerve cells in the brain that are responsible for coordinating body movement. Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include trembling, stiffness, slowed movement, and a decline in balance and coordination.
Frontotemporal Dementia refers to several disorders that affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. The symptoms often include declining intrapersonal skills and inappropriate social behavior.
Hydrocephalus is caused by the buildup of fluid in the brain. This disease affects all age groups of people. The symptoms of Hydrocephalus vary based on age group. However, the common symptoms in adults may include issues with vision, balance, walking, coordination, fainting, nausea, vertigo, headaches, short term memory and bladder control.